Sevilla has a unique face due to the many civilizations that passed by the city and left their influence in it in the lapse of 2000 years. The city is itself a historical center which is very well-preserved, and though all its different past influences can be somehow be experienced, its major influence comes from its medieval, renaissance and baroque past.|
The city was formerly known as Hispalis, name given by the Romans. Italica, a city located nearby Sevilla, still keeps much of its Roman influence and it gives an idea of how Sevilla looked like during the Roman Times.
The city still preserves its Roman features because of some archeological areas, such as the remnants of an aqueduct in the city.
The city of Hispalis was eventually conquered by the Vandals and the Visigoths to be then conquered by the Moors and by 712 it was renamed Isbilya by the Muslims (the current name “Sevilla” is derived from its Muslim name).
Sevilla served as the capital city of the Umayyad Caliphate, and Almoravid and Almohad dynasty. Fernando III conquered the chapter of the Peninsula in 1248.
A lot of its original Moorish architecture remains in the city, and they are considered as cultural influences of Sevilla.
The city suffered an important change following the discovery of America as all the goods that came from America would first go through the Casa de Contratación, located in the port of Sevilla.
The Golden Age of Development started in Sevilla due to the great economical conditions as many merchants preferred to acquire goods from the port. During this time the city gained a different and spectacular look through the building of churches, the Castilian Royal Residence and many other important urban constructions. An important archeological monument of the city was built in the 15th century: The Sevilla Cathedral, a majestic sample of Gothic architecture.
During the 16th century many important changes took place again in Sevilla, as Cádiz was authorized as a port of trade and Sevilla lost the monopoly only to suffer by the Great Plague by 1649. Half the population of the city perished under the plague and the city did not recover until the 19th century.
Sevilla lost much of its influence as a Kingdom when Spain united, and by the 18th century it had lost its international importance going into a sort of economic decline. The city started to develop again through industrialization at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century.
The city was captured by Queipo de Llano during the Spanish Civil War in 1936, the city fought as Radio Sevilla called for a rising and to protect the city. Barricades were built by the population that came for arms and though the city was overtaken the working-class sector resisted for as long as they could until reprisals came.